Many kind of complications can arise throughout the nine months of pregnancy. While some of them are not that serious, others can be very dangerous and even risk the lives of both the mother and the baby.
Therefore, it is very important for any expecting mother to have a complete knowledge about all possible medical issues, so they can minimize the damage by reporting any troubling symptom to the doctor immediately.
Thus, to help you with this, here is a quick guide to the seven most common pregnancy complications that every mom-to-be should watch out for!
The loss of a pregnancy within the first twenty weeks is referred to as miscarriage. It is usually caused because of abnormality in the chromosomes of the fertilized egg, which hampers the proper development of the embryo.The first symptom of miscarriage is vaginal spotting or light bleeding. So if you notice any sort of bleeding, visit your doctor immediately.
- Premature Labor and Birth
A preterm or premature labor can start when you start having regular contractions before 37 weeks of pregnancy, causing the cervix to start dilating or effacing. The baby delivered in this way is called a premature baby and kept in incentive care.Premature birth is reported to cause many kinds of health problems in the baby, and even cause death.
Preeclampsia is a very serious pregnancy complication. It happens due to having high blood pressure or because of having very high content of protein in liver, kidney or urine. You will be reported to have preeclampsia if you have these conditions after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Although mothers with mild preeclampsia can be treated without any risk, having sever preeclampsia can cause serious damage to other body organs.
- Oligohydramnios (Low Amniotic Fluid)
When pregnant, the amniotic sac is filled with fluid to protect and support your baby. Having a low level of this fluid can hamper the proper growth of the baby. Having Oligohydramnios in the last trimester can even result to preterm labor.
- Gestational Diabetes
Almost 20% of pregnant women in the US develop Gestational Diabetes. It is a temporary case of diabetes, which goes away once the pregnancy does. Women with this kind of diabetes has to be very careful about their food habits and lifestyle. The glucose level has to be monitored on a regular basis. It is not dangerous if the blood sugar level is kept under control. Otherwise, the baby can be at risk of many health problems including overweight and type-2 diabetes.
- Ectopic Pregnancy
When the fertilized egg implants itself anywhere outside the ovary, then it is known as ectopic pregnancy. It is said that, one out of fifty pregnancies is ectopic. Early detection is very important in this case. Any organ other than the ovary is not fit for the size of a growing baby, thus ectopic pregnancy can result in rupturing the fallopian tubes and walls of any other organ near it. In this case, the only option is to end the pregnancy.
- Placenta Previa
This is a rare condition, in which the placenta lies unusually low inside the uterus, often covering the cervix. This is usually not much of a problem in the first two trimesters. But if it remains low towards the end of the pregnancy, it can cause serious problems. If this is the case, then an emergency C-section has to be done on the mother.
Most of the above mentioned complications do not have any early symptoms. The only way to make sure that you don’t have any is by not missing any appointment with the doctor and getting regular Ultra Sounds.
Also, talk about every little health related concerns to your doctor, and seek emergency medical attention if need be. Lastly, take good care of yourself, eat healthy and relax to ensure a safe and sound pregnancy journey.
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